Ayurveda is often described as Astanga Ayurveda that has an eightfold divisons. The term Ayurveda is made up of Ayu and Veda meaning life and knowledge. Life is defined as an inseperable combination of Sharira (the physical body), the Indriyas (various sensory-motor organs of the body), Manas (the mind, psyche) and the Atman (the soul, spirit, ego, consciousness).
Panchakarma are basically physiological methods cleansing the Body internally. Panchakarma is a combination of five treatment processes namely Vamana (Emesis), Virechana (Purgation), Basti (Medicated Enema), Nasya (Snuffing) and Raktamokshana (Blood letting). It is a purifying process of the whole body to attain proper balance of Vata, Pitta & Kapha It also helps to prevent ageing of our skin, hair. They are the purificatory cum physiotherapeutic methods of treatment. These treatments also gives the cleansing effect through the skin.
Panchakarma treatments are useful in the preservation, maintenance & conservation of health and promotion of longevity.
It is believed that the disease treated by drugs or medicines may recur or relapse but the disease treated with Panchakarma usually give the result for longer period.
Purva Karma In Panchakarma
In general the Purva and Paschata karma are also included in this procedure. The main Purva Karma mainly consists of Snehana and Swedana while Paschata Karma consists of Samsarjana Karma , the specialized post therapy dietic regimen.The actual Pancha Karma therapy consists of the following categories of procedures:
viz., Pachana, Snehana and Swedana. The Purva Karma is the preparatory procedure required to be undertaken before actual PanchaKarma therapy is administered.
The Pradhana Karma during Pancha Karma therapy consists of the five fold purificatory procedures mainly designed to eliminate the vitiated Doshas.
The Paschata Karma or the Samsarjana Karma consists of a specialized diet schedule designed to restore the digestive and absorptive capacity of the person leading to the normal state of health.
Thus Pancha Karma therapy has a direct relevance to both, the healthy as well as ill persons.
Snehana and Swedana is the part of Purva Karma
Special Treatments Under Panchakakrma (massages)
Ayurvedic Gynaecological Treatments
Ayurvedic gynaecological treatments have been proved to be successful in fighting against infertility, sexual complaints, dryness, menstrual complaints, etc.